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Article #17361: What is the fastest way to draw graphics...

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FAQ2361C.txt   What is the fastest way to draw graphics...
Category   :Windows API
Platform    :All
Product    :C++Builder  3.x

What is the fastest way to draw graphics to the screen, without
using DirectX?

While the VCL does provide very fast graphic operations with a
minimum of work and overhead, there are times when direct access to
the windows GDI is necessary for the ultimate in performance, since
there is some amount of overhead in using object oriented VCL canvas
objects. The following example demonstrates creating a Window memory
dc (Display Context) to draw upon. Ideally, you will want to create
your dc and associated bitmap, pen, brush and font objects during your
application's startup, and destroy the objecs upon your applications
termination. Note that when a Windows dc is created, it automatically
has a 1 pixel by 1 pixel monochrome bitmap, a stock pen, a stock
brush, and a stock font associated with it. It is your responsibility
to create and destory additional objects you wish to associate with
the dc. You must also never destroy an object while it is associated
(selected into) a dc, and you must never delete the Windows stock


void __fastcall TForm1::Button1Click(TObject *Sender)
  HDC dc; //handle to a display contect
  HDC memdc; //handle to a display contect
  HBITMAP membitmap; //handle to a bitmap
  HBITMAP oldmembitmap; //handle to a bitmap
  HPEN pen; //handle to a pen
  HPEN oldpen; //handle to a pen
  HBRUSH brush; //handle to a brush
  HBRUSH oldbrush; //handle to a brush

  //retrieve a handle to the screen dc so we can create one like it
  dc = GetDC(0);

  //create a dc that is compatable with the screen
  memdc = CreateCompatibleDC(dc);

  //create a bitmap surface thats compatible with the screen
  //note: if you want a monochrome bitmap pass zero instead of "dc"
  membitmap = CreateCompatibleBitmap(dc, 100, 100);

  //release the screen dc as soon as possible
  ReleaseDC(0, dc);

  //select our bitmap surface into our dc and remember the old bitmap
  oldmembitmap = SelectObject(memdc, membitmap);

  //initialize our dc by painting it white,
  //otherwise it will contain random pixel values
         0, 0,
         100, 100,

  //create a solid red pen that is 2 pixels wide
  pen = CreatePen(PS_SOLID, 2, RGB(255, 0, 0));

  //select our new pen into the dc, and remember the old default pen
  oldpen = SelectObject(memdc, pen);

  //create a solid blue brush
  brush = CreateSolidBrush(RGB(0, 0, 255));

  //select our new brush into the dc, and remember the old brush
  oldbrush = SelectObject(memdc, brush);

  //lets draw a rectangle
  Rectangle(memdc, 0, 0, 100, 100);

  //copy form our dc to the forms canvas
  BitBlt(Form1->Canvas->Handle,  //destination
         0, 0,      //x,y start point on the form
         100, 100,  //the width and height of our bitmap
         memdc,     //the source dc
         0, 0,      //blt from 0,0 in the source
         SRCCOPY);  //COPY form source operation

  //select the old default brush into our dc
  SelectObject(memdc, oldbrush);

  //delete the brush we created

  //select the old default pen into our dc
  SelectObject(memdc, oldpen);

  //delete the pen we created

  //select the old default bitmap into our dc
  SelectObject(memdc, oldmembitmap);

  //delete the bitmap we created

  //delete the dc we created


7/2/98 10:32:32 AM

Last Modified: 01-SEP-99