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Article #22390: Auto-Increment fields in InterBase

Question:
    I have an InterBase table, but I cant figure out how to make an Auto-Increment field for it. How do I do this?
Answer:
    InterBase doesnt have a convenient AutoInc datatype like Paradox, so we have to do a little bit of work to get this functionality. Start out by creating an Integer field that is appropriate for the size of the values you want in your AutoInc field. From there, we need a trigger to calculate the value for the field:

	CREATE TRIGGER autoinc FOR tablename
	BEFORE INSERT AS
	BEGIN
	   NEW.autoinc_field_nane = GEN_ID(generator_name, 1);
	END
    We arent done yet. We need a persistent location to store the current AutoInc value. InterBases way to deal with this is called a generator:
	CREATE GENERATOR generator_name;
	SET GENERATOR generator_name TO x;
    GEN_ID() is a built-in InterBase function specially designed to increment the generator specified by the first parameter by the value in the second parameter. The SET GENERATOR statement initializes the generator to the value provided by x. This is useful if your database is based on something like a customer number, and you want this customer number to start at a specific value rather than zero.     And that is all there is to it. From here on, you can insert away and this trigger will stick the correct value into autoinc_field_name. For further information on how to work with Auto-Increment fields in your application, read the TI "Working With Auto-increment Field Types" at http://community.borland.com/article/0,1410,16123,00.html.

Last Modified: 18-JUL-00